Documents

2017 LMUN Committees

LMUN 2017 provides you with a diverse range of committees within the United Nations, in other to give delegates a proper grasp of the workings of the United Nations Body. It also seeks to address specific African needs by simulating the African Unions Executive Council.

The committees to be simulated are:

  1. The Security Council
  2. The General Assembly
  3. The UN Economic and Social Council
  4. The United Nations Human Rights Council
  5. The United Nations Development Program
  6. The United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund
  7. The Executive Council of the African Union

 

Committee Summary

  1. The United Nations General Assembly

The General Assembly established in 1945, It is the overall deliberative, policy making and representative of the UN comprising of 192 member states. The general assembly has a range of vital decisions to make within the UN system, including appointing the secretary general, electing the non-permanent members of the Security Council and approving the UN regular budget.

Most importantly, it is the main global forum for discussing international political cooperation, threats to peace and economic development, as well as the huge range of social, humanitarian and cultural issues that come under the remit of the United Nations.  The General Assembly meets every year at the headquarters in New York, USA to hold its general debate. Special sessions sometimes can be convened as required. Although the resolutions passed by the General Assembly do not have the binding forces over the member nations (apart from budgetary measures), pursuant to its Uniting for Peace resolution of November 1950 (resolution 377 (V)), the Assembly may also take action if the Security Council fails to act, owing to the negative vote of a permanent member, in a case where there appears to be a threat to the peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression. The Assembly can consider the matter immediately with a view to making recommendations to Members for collective measures to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Since its inception, it has been an avenue for making life changing decisions in the history of states

The United Nations General Assembly held its 71st Regular Session on 13th September, 2016 where the new Secretary General, Antonio Guterres was appointed.

You can learn more about the UNGA at the www.un.org/en/ga

 

  1. The United Nations Security Council:

The mandate of the Security Council (SC) is to maintain international peace and security and to take actions whenever peace and security is threatened. The Council’s authority is particularly relevant with respect to the UN’s four primary purposes, as specified in the Charter of the United Nations (1945). The Security Council is given a multitude of options to carry out these duties, including economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial sanctions, travel bans, and collective military actions. Among its administrative roles, the SC recommends the admission of new members to the UN General Assembly (GA); advises the UN General Assembly on the appointment of the Secretary-General; and elects judges to the International Court of Justice in conjunction with the GA. In addition to its distinctive mandate and powers, the SC is the only UN body that may pass legally binding resolutions, under Article 25 of the Charter of the United Nations. While the other bodies of the UN pass nonbinding resolutions that provide recommendations and sources of global consensus, the Security Council’s power to impose the binding resolutions allow it to act as a force of collective security. The SC is made up of 15 members comprising of 5 permanent members; China, USA, France, Russia and the UK and10 non-permanent members.

  1. The Economic and Social Council:

“While the Security Council exists primarily for settling conflicts…the Economic and Social Council exists primarily to eliminate the causes of conflicts.”- Former Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjold

The Economic and Social Council was established in 1945 by the United Nations Charter, Chapter X precisely. It is one of the six organs of the United Nations, the others being: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Secretariat, the International Court of Justice and the Trusteeship Council. The Economic and Social Council seeks to advance the three dimensions of sustainable development i.e. economic, social and environmental. It serves as the central platform for facilitating debate and innovative thinking, forging consensus on ways forward and coordinating efforts to achieve internationally agreed goals.

ECOSOC is made up of fifty-four (54) Member states. When it was established in 1945, it consisted of just eighteen (18) Member States, it was increased in 1965 to twenty-seven (27) and then in 1973 it was increased to 54 as a result of the General Assembly Resolution 2847 (XXVI) (1971). ECOSOC oversees and coordinates the affairs of its fourteen (14) specialized agencies and 9 commissions. The Economic and Social Council is the principle organ for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on issues of economic and social development as well as implementation of the international development goals agreed at the major United Nations conference.

The Charter of the United Nations empowers ECOSOC to initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health and related matters and may make recommendations on such matters to the General Assembly, to the members of the UN as well as to concerned specialized agencies. It may also make recommendations for the purposes of promoting respect for, and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all. It may enter into an agreement with any of the agencies referred to in Article 57 of the Charter, and it may coordinate the activities of those agencies by consultation with and recommendations to such agencies and through recommendations to the General Assembly and to members of the United Nations. It may take appropriate steps to obtain regular reports from the specialized agencies, make arrangements with the specialized agencies and with members of the UN to obtain reports on steps taken to give effect to its recommendations, or recommendations on matters falling within its competence made by the General Assembly and it may communicate its observations on this report to the General Assembly. It may furnish information to the Security Council and may assist it upon its request. It shall set up commissions in economic and social fields and for the promotion of human rights, and such other commissions as may be required for the performance of its functions.

 

  1. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):

Introduction

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the chief entity in the United Nations (UN) system that works in the area of development globally. It embodies Article 55 of the Charter of the United Nations (1945), which outlines the organization’s responsibility to promote “higher standards of living, full employment and conditions of economic and social progress/development”, as prerequisites to peace.

UNDP is headed by an Executive Board, which consists of 36 members that rotate annually among the different geographic groups. Its headquarters is in New York City, but there are liaison offices and regional centers in different cities around the world.

History

Originally, development activities of the United Nations (UN) consisted largely of providing technical advice through the UN Expanded Program of Technical Assistance (EPTA) and support for pre-investment projects through the UN Special Fund, created in 1949 and 1958, respectively, for the benefit of less developed countries.  To streamline these assistant programs, General Assembly Resolution 2029 (XX) consolidated the EPTA and the UN Special Fund to establish UNDP as at 1 January, 1966.  Today, as the UN’s global development network, “UNDP promotes development in over 170 countries and territories by carrying out activities aimed at eliminating poverty, reducing inequalities, strengthening democratic governance, and supporting crisis prevention and recovery.

Mandate

UNDP has a mandate to “coordinate all UN development activities at the country level,” as laid out in General Assembly Resolutions 59/250 and 62/208. This responsibility is given to UNDP due to its role managing the Resident Coordinator (RC) system, which encompasses all UN system entities that “deal with operational activities for development, regardless of their formal presence in the country.” UNDP and the RC system operationalize the development frameworks negotiated at the policy-level, and implement programs on the ground, making UNDP, as a result, a very important and influential entity within the development community.

The main areas that the UNDP focuses on currently are democratic governance, sustainable development, crisis prevention and recovery, and the reduction of poverty; and all this is being acted on by way of the UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017 and also in light of the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

  1. The Executive Council of the African Union:

The African Union is an intergovernmental organization inspired by Pan African movement which started as far back as 800 BC to unite and integrate Africa and it currently has 54 member state parties. The AU was preceded by the Organization of African unity of 1963 which consisted of the then thirty two independent states in Africa. The Challenges that the organization encountered led to the meeting of the Heads of States in 1999 which ultimately led to the Sitre Declaration of that same year, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The principal document of the new organization which came about as a result of the Lome Summit of 2002 is the Constitutive Act of the African Union. This Act sets out the member states, functions, organs and powers of the African Union. It has a total of seven organs with the Assembly being the Principal Organ. The objectives of the African Union include Regional integration, peace and security, protection of human rights, respect for democracy and rule of law and territorial integrity of its member states.  The Vision of the African Union is for an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena. Recently it adopted the Agenda 63 which is a strategic framework for the socio-economic transformation of the continent over the next 50 years. Its builds on, and seeks to accelerate the implementation of past and existing continental initiatives for growth and sustainable development. It has also adopted the AU Commission Strategic Plan 2014-2017 which constitutes the framework that outlines the overall priorities of the Commission for the four year period, and provides guidance for program formulation and prioritization.

 

  1. The United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)

UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential.  UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and strives to establish children’s rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behavior towards children.  UNICEF insists that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development imperatives that are integral to human progress.  UNICEF mobilizes political will and material resources to help countries, particularly developing countries, ensure a “first call for children” and to build their capacity to form appropriate policies and deliver services for children and their families.  UNICEF is committed to ensuring special protection for the most disadvantaged children – victims of war, disasters, extreme poverty, all forms of violence and exploitation and those with disabilities.  UNICEF responds in emergencies to protect the rights of children. In coordination with United Nations partners and humanitarian agencies, UNICEF makes its unique facilities for rapid response available to its partners to relieve the suffering of children and those who provide their care.  UNICEF is non-partisan and its cooperation is free of discrimination. In everything it does, the most disadvantaged children and the countries in greatest need have priority.

UNICEF aims, through its country programs, to promote the equal rights of women and girls and to support their full participation in the political, social, and economic development of their communities. UNICEF works with all its partners towards the attainment of the sustainable human development goals adopted by the world community and the realization of the vision of peace and social progress enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations.

 

COMMITTEE TOPICS.

UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY

  1. Ensuring a Suitable Environment for Post Conflict Rehabilitation by Establishing Sustainable Economic, Political and Social Structures.
  2. Protecting Wild Life and Agriculture In Light Of the Paris Agreement.

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE

  1. Fostering Global Partnerships for Financing Development.
  2. Investing and Maintaining Sustainable Energy in Africa.

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

  1. Empowering Grass Root Innovation and Local Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries for Poverty Reduction
  2. Improving Access and Maintenance of Sustainable and Renewable Energy.

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN’S FUND

  1. Addressing The Custom Of Child Marriage, Female Genital Mutilation And Other Harmful Cultural Practices And Its Impact On The Girl Child.
  2. Children in Emergencies.

UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL

  1. Enforcing Emergency Actions, Sanctions and the Sovereignty of Nations.
  2. Maintenance of International Peace and Security; Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Disarmaments.

THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

  1. Addressing the Long Term Debate on Torture, Inhumane Treatment and Death Penalty in Africa on the LGBT Community.
  2.  Promoting Effective Measures towards Safeguarding and Guaranteeing the Rights of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa

THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF THE AFRICAN UNION

  1. Eliminating All Forms Of Violent Crimes And Religious Extremism In Africa.
  2.  Achieving a Prosperous and Independent Africa through the Sustainable Use and Management of Resources.

 

Committee Background guides

General Assembly

Economic and Social Committee

Human Rights Council

United Nations Children’s Educations Fund

United Nations Development Programme

Security Council

African Union

(Each committee has a background guide specific to it) 

*Delegate Preparatory Guide. Will be uploaded March 2017

*LMUN rules of Procedure: Will be uploaded in March 2017

*LMUN terms and Condition. Click to Download

*LMUN Secretariat handbook: Click to Download

*Additional Resources. There are no additional resources yet.